Between 1824 and 1951 there were over 300 events classified as “White Race
Riots” in which entire white communities turned on and
destroyed entire Black communities and murdered Blacks in mass. There were
26 such major events and hundreds of smaller ones in major cities and
towns across the US during the summer of
1919 alone. This period has been tagged by historians as “The Red
Summer of 1919”, because many of the events happened from May to October
of that year and the blood of their victims literally painted the streets
year, tens of thousands of Black Americans were killed, maimed and 375,000
refugees, though never being given refugee status, all for economic, social, political and other reasons both real and
imaginary. They even killed Blacks for recreation activities in rural
areas in events called "Friday Night Boot Burnings" (the burning of a
Black man at a stake or bonfire) or " Picnic" (a slang term for
pick a nigger for lynching} Lynching became a common weekly event to
kill the monotony of rural life. It was not uncommon for whites to eat,
drink, dance and sing church songs as they created a sadistic festive atmosphere, while
their victims suffered from torture. White men, men women and children all
participated in what was best described by Ida B. Wells-Barnett as "
An orgy of murder and
times whites massacred based purely on perceived notions and paranoia, such as in Helena and
Phillips, Arkansas in 1919. The white landowners envisioned a Black union
meetings was an
organized uprising and Negros were planning to kill whites in mass at some
future date. The reality was the Black
farmers, sharecroppers' and farm workers held a meeting after forming a union to demand a fair accounting from the whites on their sharecropper
accounts, after being cheated for years. They were armed and had no
intention of disarming because of what happened in East St. Louis in 1917.
When the sheriff attempted to serve a warrant as a pretext to
investigating the union meeting, a gun fight ensued and the sheriff was
killed and other whites were wounded.
white landowners feeling depraved, feared a great financial loss and with
bloodlust in their hearts over their dead friends, they hunted Blacks like
dogs through the woods and killed 25 to 125 Blacks early in the manhunt.
The best official death count came to 854. No on knows the actual number
because of how the bodies were treated and disposed of. They wounded many hundreds more and caused every Black citizen in every surrounding
county to flee for their lives too. Today, Blacks in Helena and Phillips
County are now planning to seek reparations for their ordeal. They mage it
perfectly clear, If you had a
Black skin, you had two choices. You were either dead, or moving. Floaters
(dead bodies in the river) were popping up daily for weeks after the
riot was over. Again the national guard was called and again they joined
the white rioters.
the Red Summer Riots of 1919, a common characteristic in every case was
the Black American was alone and helpless when it came to protecting or
defending himself and his community. Many had assumed then, as we do now,
that our government is supposed to protect us from invaders from within
our borders and from foreign nations. THEY WERE DEAD WRONG!
studying White Race Riots, collecting relics', investigating reports,
reading hundreds of newspaper reports and first hand testimonials, I have
determined based on the circumstances that Black Americans must protect
and defend themselves from their countrymen. This assumption is based on
the following findings:
1. No government
military branches where there to protect them. The National Guardsmen
would join the rioters and shoot Blacks too. Many just looked the other
way because they hated "niggers" too. Or they came in time to put out
fires, mostly in the white sections of town, or white owned rental
properties in the Black neighborhood only.
The Police joined or
aided the white rioters. Deputized white Policemen burned out women and
children and used them for target practice, for sport and wager, as they
threw them back into the flames that they attempted to escape. Police disarmed Blacks and stud back to let the white rioters do what they wanted
without fear of justice or the law.
Tulsa Race Riot of 1921, police flew airplanes and dropped nitroglycerin
and dynamite on 600 Black businesses, burned 1500 homes and destroyed a 35
square block area of the Black community of Tulsa also known as the
Greenwood District. It was so prosperous it was nationally known as Black
Wall Street. The riot was intended to put Blacks back in their place.
The American Legion and the KKK and white military veterans and fraternal organizations
offered their services in tracking down and killing Blacks. They
often lead in mobs and initiated the riddling of many of their Black
victims. ROTC cadets assisted in hunting, dragging, burning, killing
and maiming during post war times.
In all cases not one white person was ever convicted of murdering a Black
person regardless of how horrible their crimes. Hate was part of the fabric of white American
society. They protected their "Supreme" status at all cost. Blacks had no value
and no souls. Blacks had no rights. Blacks weren't people and in political
discussions Blacks existence was referred to as the "negro question". To the average whites ALL
Blacks were niggers. In 1920 2 out of 10 whites in America were members of
the KKK. Blacks were de-humanized so whites could commit any
heinous act without guilt and with impunity. It's hard to kill one of Gods human
beings, but easy to kill a thousand niggers.
In Detroit 1943, 4300 Federal Troops wounded 2500 Blacks after the last of
the great white race riots. Police, local whites, National Guard and
Federal troops turned on Black Detroit. Blacks were beaten openly in
public by literally thousands of whites chasing and beating them while
police searched and disarmed them to make them easy prey. The Detroit
Police Department participated in many murders and freely participated in
mayhem towards Blacks.
Every Black person in sight was searched and even their pocket knives were
removed. Then they were left to the white rioters who in turn, maimed or
murdered a totally defenseless victim. Police were rerouting Blacks
in motor vehicles to dead ends where white rioters where waiting to beat
and murder them. Many Blacks had placed their faith in the hands of Police
for protection, only to have that trust betrayed, and their lives
The methods of murders in white race riots were similar in each case,
which included but not limited to: Lynching, burning, castration, stoning,
bullet riddling, just plain shot, dragged in the street, drowned, beat,
punched, hit with assorted objects, heads split with an axe and more than can
be imagined by any ungodly person. It was common for a single Black victim
to incur all of the above forms of punishment from his fellow American.
Bodies have been subjected to this type of treatment with as many as 100
plus individual whites to 1 Black victim. Many bodies were reported to be
punished for hours after the victim was already dead.
They became merchants of the macabre as they cut up the victims bodies
into parts for resale as, souvenirs, mementos, and mantle pieces. Black
victims had hearts, lips, ears, fingers, spleen, liver, lungs, intestines,
penis, hands, heads, scrotum and all other body parts and even the Black
fetus was not spared.
poor Black pregnant woman Mary Turner in Georgia, had her unborn child cut
from her womb as she burned at the stake. While she was inflamed a white
man stepped from the crowd, slit her stomach with his pocket knife, and
when the fetus fell to the ground, he stomped it and said "One less
nigger". Thousands of curbside spectators slapped their knees as they
laughed in amusement.
Mary's crime: She had disputed the word of a white man that falsely
accused her husband of murdering a white man in a dispute over money owed
him by the white man. A shoot out ensued. The white man died in what
otherwise was a fair fight. For her protest after they lynched her husband
before her eyes, they tied her to a tree, poured gas on her, oil and set
her on fire. After she writhed silently in the flames in defiance of the
"mad and hungry dogs", she was doused a second time as white children
danced and chanted in song and rhyme.
In the terms of
property damage. Whole city blocks in Black communities have been burned
to the ground and many Black property owners had to abandon their homes
while running for dear life, with only the cloths on their backs, if they
were lucky enough to live through home invasions, hails of bullets, and
fire bombs during the initial attack. Many of the aftermaths resemble
ground zero of a nuclear blast. In the Tulsa riot, you could see from one
end of the Black business district, and see clear to the opposite side
without the obstruction of your view by any physical objects. The land was
totally leveled for 3 miles through Black Tulsa.
ACTIVITY IN AMERICA
race riots caused over 375,000 Blacks to leave the South and Southern
border states, and flood the Northern States. Even in states as far north
as Minnesota were still unsafe as riots became more of a characteristic
in northern cities, than in the South. Many as refugees with only the
shirts on their backs. This period in history is called "The Great
Migration" In the summer of 1919 the riots. White Race Riots occurred
mainly in the northern states, while individual lynching's were more common
in rural areas in the South.
involved in other riots between 1917 and 1923, recalled the horrors of the
East St. Louis race riot, in which 250 to 700 Blacks (or more) were
massacred in the most gruesome fashion, dared to fight back. They decided
it was better to fight a good losing battle, than to die like rats in a
barrel. Blacks armed themselves in mass in order to defend themselves.
Not to initiate attacks on whites. Blacks across the nation refused to
disarm themselves when requested to do so by law enforcement and conveyed
to whites, that they are ready to maintain and use arms, whether the
whites liked it or not, if threatened. If such an event occurred today,
Blacks would be sufficiently unarmed because of past and current gun
control laws, that were enacted specifically to disarm them. We would be
virtually caught like deer in the head lights.
most recognized massacre of Blacks in mass in our time, came to light in
the movie “Rosewood” in which the small Black township in Florida was
destroyed and an estimated 150 Blacks were killed as the township was
literally wiped from the face of the earth in 1923, and more recently
revealed Tulsa Race Riot of 1921, where an estimated 300 to 3000 Blacks
were killed in just 12 hours. Over 7800 were left homeless and over 17,000
fled for their lives by foot, train, automobile and horseback or any other
means of transportation. Whites used crop duster airplanes nitroglycerin
and dynamite to bomb and destroy over 600 Black businesses in a 35 square
block area. This was the real "Oklahoma City Bombing"
Survivors of the Tulsa so called riot, that was really a massacres, have
successfully gained reparations for the murderous and destructive acts of
white Americans upon their ancestors. As bad as each of these events were,
none before or since then equal the level of barbarity, butchery and
savagery committed by white Christian men women and children, at 11:oclock
am, on July 2nd 1917. “The East St. Louis Massacre of
Are Finally Revealed
the grizzly details of the worse case of “American Terrorism”, is
revealed in a booklet published by the Black Holocaust Society of
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in its series called “A Black Holocaust in America”.
The BHS was created for the purpose of researching holocaustic events in
American history such as “white” race riots and lynching's. The first in
the series released June 19th 2002 is, "The East St.
Louis Massacre of 1919" which is a compilation of official
investigative reports, testimonials and newspaper articles, that reveal
the hidden and ugly history of racism in America. The BHS presents "A
Black Holocaust In America" history seminars across the United States.
first report, “The History of The East St. Louis Race Riot”, was written
by Ida B. Wells-Barnett (The "real" mother of civil rights) on the
3rd day of the riots. She was sent to investigate after the
Colored Citizens of Chicago got word of the atrocities against innocent
Black men, women and children. The details covered in her report are so
vile, so gross that the United States Military Intelligence Division on
Negro Subversives, confiscated the report and locked it up classified “TOP
SECRET” and sealed it until 1986, in the vaults of the War Department in
though her report was spirited away by US Army soldiers a week after it
was written, it was sent to the 65th Congress as requested by
the Colored Citizens of Chicago. The 65th Congress created a
sub-committee to investigate the massacre and the results were even more
hideous than Mrs. Barnett’s independent report. So embarrassing to America
overseas, that from over 6000 pages of sworn testimony and evidence
produced by its hearings, Congress only allowed a 24 page summary of its
work to be published. They intentionally refused to disclose the results
of the full investigation. It was sealed and never mentioned again.
Congress in its great wisdom, decided that the circumstances surrounding
“The East St. Louis Massacre of 1917” were to be preserved for future
generations to deal with. The effect that resulted was, that all of the
hundreds to thousands of whites that murdered between 250 and 700 unarmed
Black men, women and children in the most despicable ways ever chronicled
in American history, none would ever be brought to justice to pay for
criminals are all so old today they are either already dead or dieing.
That includes Black survivors of the holocaust. The act of hiding the
details of the horrific event also deprived Black America of justice. It
is pure and simple premeditated case of “Justice Denied."
East St. Louis
Race Riot of 1919
East Side Atrocities:
“Carlos Hurd of the Post-Dispatch staff, who was an eyewitness of
the atrocities on the East Side, told a plain circumstantial story of the
outrage he witnessed. "The assaults and murders were cold-blooded,
deliberate and incredibly brutal. They were not the mob infuriated
against particular offenders. They were the work of groups of men and
women who sought on, and burned out the Negroes and then shot, beat,
kicked and hanged them. The work was done in a spirit of flippant,
relentless barbarism. Mr. Hurd described it as a manhunt."
“Get a nigger,” was the slogan, and it was varied by the recurrent cry,
“Get another!” It was like nothing so much as the holiday crowd,
with thumbs turned down, in the Roman Coliseum, except that here the
shouters were their own gladiators, and their own wild beasts.”
“The news of these murders and fresh outrages spread rapidly, and the
streets soon filled with excited people. Men and boys, girls and women of
the town began to attack every Negro in sight. All fared alike, young and
old, women and children; none was spared. The crowd soon grew to riotous
proportions, and for hours the man hunt continued, stabbing, clubbing and
shooting, not the guilty but unoffending Negroes. One was hanged from a
telephone pole and another had a rope tied around his neck and was dragged
through the streets, the maddened crowd kicking and beating him as he lay
prostrate and helpless.”
Greatest Outrage of the Century"
Hitler was a corporal in the Austrian army on this day in 1917, and even
he shunned white America for its level of savagery. As an historical foot
note, some historians feel the Germans got their plan for their "final
solution" to the Jewish problem from America’s treatment of Blacks between
1914 and 1935. The newspaper accounts of the East St. Louis Massacre
and other lynchings and white race riots were widely circulated in the French, English and German press.
Germans realized that if the entire dominant community is against a
minority or unpopular members of that community, after sufficient
vilification of the minority or unpopular group, the dominant group can do
what they want no matter how horrible the punishment. It will mirror
public opinion and thereby be justified. The Nazi cause was also the same
as White Supremacy in the
Congress left the circumstances evolving around this event for future generations to discuss. That
generation is ours. The complete reports are
direct transcripts of original
reports with first person accounts and testimonials of actions not found
in history books or American institutes of learning. Each document is formatted for publication only.
We certify that all
of the reports are historically true and as accurate as its original
"You won’t find this information in
American history book!"
East St. Louis Massacre of 1917 is exhibit “A" evidence for reparations
for past atrocities against Black Americans. Not as former slaves, but as
human beings and free citizens of the United States.
"It is the ultimate end of unchecked American Racism"
Dr. Gregory Brown,
Director, BHS Inc. is
available for speaking engagements on the topic
of "White Race Riots" in American history, for Black History programs,
panels, workshops for community organizations and educational institutions
in the continental U.S. and West Indies. Call 414-446-4377 or write.
Booking Department, Black Holocaust Society Inc., 6622 N. Bourbon Street,
Room 16, Milwaukee, Wi. 53224. or E-Mail